Human Resources
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Federal and State Laws


Uniformed Services Employment & Re-employment Rights Act (1994)

Prohibits discrimination against military service members because of past, current, or future military service. Protects military service workers employment and rights and benefits of employment.


Equal Pay Act (1963)

Prohibits wage discrimination by requiring equal pay for equal work of the same skills, effort, and responsibilities.


Title VII, Civil Rights Act (1964) (1991)

Prohibits the discrimination in all terms and conditions of employment (including pay and benefits) on the basis of race, religion, ethnic group, sex, national origin, or disability.


Title I, Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)

Protects qualified individuals with disabilities from unlawful discrimination in employment. Discrimination is prohibited if the individual can do the essential job functions. An employer must make reasonable accommodations for such individuals unless doing so would place an undue hardship on the employer.


Pregnancy Discrimination Act (1978)

Protects pregnant employees from being forced to resign or take a leave of absence.


Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) (1967)

Prohibits discrimination in employment for persons 40 and over. Prohibits mandatory retirement ages.


Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) (1993)

Provides that employees who have worked 12 months or 1,250 hours in the previous are eligible to take up to 12 weeks leave during any 12 month period for the purposes of: birth, adoption, or foster care of a child; caring for a spouse, child, or parent who has a serious health condition; or serious health condition of employee.


(Federal Contractors)Executive Orders 11246 (1965), 11375 (1967),
11478 (1969)

Prohibits federal contractors from discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. In addition, the federal contractor must develop a written affirmative action plan.


(Federal Contractors)Vocational Rehabilitation Act (1971)

Prohibits federal contractors from discriminating against people with physical or mental disabilities by requiring the contractor to take affirmative action in employing and advancing disabled individuals.


(Federal Contractors) Vietnam-Era Veterans Adjustment Act (1974)
Requires federal contractors to take affirmative action in hiring and promoting of Vietnam-era veterans. All job opportunities up to $25,000 must be registered with local employment services.
Workforce Investment Act 1998 Establishes that one-stop delivery system as the access point for employment-related and training services for adults, dislocated workers, and youth.

California Family Rights Act 1993


The California Family Rights Act (CFRA) was established to ensure secure leave rights for the following: birth of a child for purposes of bonding, placement of a child in the employee's family for adoption or foster care, for the serious health condition of the employee's child, parent or spouse and for the employee's own serious health condition.

Fair Employment and Housing Act This law provides protection from harassment or discrimination in employment because of: age (40 and over), ancestry, color, religious creed, denial of family and medical care leave, disability (mental and physical) including HIV and AIDS, marital status, medical condition (cancer and genetic characteristics), national origin, race, religion, sex and/or sexual orientation.

Special Issue Laws
Age Discrimination
Equal Pay
Leave Rights